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 Philippe Balança 


# 20160320094333

Kermaria an Iskuit
Photographs of the frescos of macabre dance
in the chapel of Kermaria an Iskuit (22580 PLOUHA). Restoration by  ARCOA .

The chapel was founded in the first half of the thirteenth century by Henry d'Avaugour, Count of Gaëlo, and other lords, at their return from the Crusades to the Holy Land to show their gratitude to Virgin Mary. The chapel becomes an important place of pilgrimage and will be enlarged in the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries.
At the end of the fifteenth century, a fresco, whose iconographic theme is the macabre dance, is painted on the walls of the nave. This theme was common in Europe, just after the black pest had decimated a third of the European population in 5 years. Brushed at the eighteenth century, the fresco reappears at the end of the nineteenth century, because of the runoff in the roof collapsed, when they planned to demolish the chapel. This discovery saves the chapel which will be classified Historic Monument in 1901.
In this medley, thirty characters (height 1.30 m) hold hands and represent the different characters of all ages and social conditions, separated by emaciated corpses that punctuate the dance. These, joyful and charming, invite the living beings to join them and engage notables to forget honnors. They confort the Poors, and call everyone to lead a humble and pious life.
Photographs taken UV light can reveal the different layers of paint, the painted, varnished. So, we can evaluate the various alterations and conservation status of frescoes.
Pantheon Pantheon Pantheon
Pantheon Pantheon Pantheon
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